Princess Turandot- A memorable evening in St. Petersburg
The Opera tells the tale of the beautiful but cold Chinese Princess Turandot who has put a condition to all her suitors to answer her three very difficult riddles in order to marry her. Those who accept the challenge but fail to answer her three riddles will be put to death. Many Princesses and young men have lost their lives in pursuit of marrying the young and beautiful Princess. The Prince of Persia has just been executed. A Tartar Prince is determined to try his luck and accepts the challenge. The people dissuade him warning that all who have tried their luck so far have met a sad end and he should save his life, there is still some time left. But the Prince is adamant and is ready for any outcome.
Princess Tourandot put three riddles to him –
First riddle -"What is born each night and dies each dawn?" The Prince correctly replies, "Hope."
Second riddle -"What flickers red and warm like a flame, but is not fire?" The Prince thinks for a moment before replying, "Blood". Turandot is shaken.
Third riddle- "What is like ice, but burns like fire?" As the prince thinks, Turandot taunts him. Suddenly he cries out victory and announces, "Turandot!"
Princess now has to marry the Prince and she cries bitterly about her loss. The Prince is kind and tells the Princes that if she tells his name by tomorrow morning then he will die and she will become free once again. The Princess orders the whole city to find asnswer by tomorrow morning or face death. The ministers of the Princess question two persons , an old man and a young girl, whom he was speaking to earlier. The old man says he knows nothing but the young girl says she knows his name but will reveal nothing. She is tortured by the ministers of the Princess Turandot and then she is put to death. Prince himself tells the princess his name and says that its upto her to let him live or die as if the Princess takes announces his name the Prince will die.
The Princess does not announce his name in the morning and love triumphs in the end.
More details - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turandot